The passenger model trains , English miniature railway ridable in American riding railroad or large scale railroad are miniature train can accommodate passengers using locomotives copies of existing machines scaled driven by diesel, electricity or steam lively . Continue Reading “List of passenger miniature trains”
The Birmingham Dribbling or ” mat train ” ( “carpet railways” in English) are the first models rail to emerge. 1 However, the steam locomotive does not move on rails , simply rolling on the floor, hence its name. Continue Reading “Carriage trains”
The term ” electric train ” refers to a train powered by electricity , whether “real” or a model.
From 1882, the term electric train is used while it is envisaged to use electricity to move trains using accumulators 1 . In October 1903 , several German experimental railcars exceeded 200 km / h 2 . In 1924, the term “electric train” is used to talk about real trains electrically driven 3 . Continue Reading “Electric train”
Voie Libre (abbreviated as VL ) is a French journal founded inbelonging to the group LR Press , dealing with themes around secondary railways, real or miniature . Continue Reading “Free Way”
A toy train is a miniature reproduction of a train or element of a train ( locomotive , towed equipment …) as a toy . This toy train is intended to circulate on a miniature railway and to reproduce the principle of operation of real trains during a game session: trips from one station to another, maneuvers, exchanges of cars. Its propulsion is generally ensured by a unique system: electricity , steam (” carpet railways ” of the Victorian era ), mechanical system, by hand … Continue Reading “Toy train”
Rosny-Rail is a railway museum located in the station of Rosny-sous-Bois ( Seine-Saint-Denis ).
The museum is organized around different themes: the history of the railway, the way, the signaling, the rolling stock, etc. A dozen have been built according to a thematic and chronological breakdown of major rail functions of the late xix th century to the present day 1 . Continue Reading “Rosny-Rail”
The small railway Ribières is a circuit of garden train located in Limousin, in the mountains of Châlus , country of feuillardiers , in the town of Bussière-Galant . Continue Reading “Small Ribières Railway”
Rail Miniature Flash is a French magazine founded in 1962 1 belonging to the group Rigel Editions which deals with themes around model making . Formerly known as RMA (Rail Miniature News), it is renamed RMF from No. 5 May 1962 to avoid confusion with a store. It usually consists of 80 and 116 pages, A4 size; its publication is monthly. Continue Reading “Flash Miniature Rail”
The Proto current is a model railroad current founded in 1966 aimed at exact compliance with the scale chosen for tracks , switches and rolling stock (wheels, hitches …). This philosophy is close to the finescale practiced in England and the United States . Continue Reading “Proto (model railroad)”
The European model standards (NEM), which are in German Normen Europäischer Modellbahnen – European standards for railway models, were established in 1954 to ensure the consistency of manufacturing related to rail model making . Continue Reading “European standards of model making”
Templates Ferroviaires is a French magazine founded in 2008 by Christian Fournereau and Denis Fournier Le Ray belonging to the group LR Press which deals with themes around model railroading . It is aimed at model builders. Regular contributors to the journal include Ivan Bory (scale 0), Jean Cantaloube (scale N), Patrick Fastelli (scale H0), Aurélien Prévot (scale H0). Continue Reading “Railway Models”
Model Railroader (abbreviated MR ) is an American magazinedealing with model railroading . Founded in 1934 by Al C. Kalmbach and published monthly by Kalmbach Publishing, this magazine is the oldest devoted to model trains. Its headquarters are in Milwaukee , Wisconsin , United States . Continue Reading “Model Railroader”
A garden train is a model train that moves in a garden . The width of the most common track is 45 mm but there are tracks ranging from 32 mm to 185 mm (the latter size being provided for trains on which one can sit). Continue Reading “Garden train”
The term ferrovipathe (in British English, ” trainspotter ” in American English , ” railfan “), refers to a passionate train and the railway world. The ferrovipathe is devoted to one or more fields: observation, recordings of compositions and photography of trains; railway heritage management : historical work and archiving, restoration of old trains (including steam locomotives), collection of trains or railway parts; model railroad … Continue Reading “railfan”
Faller (full name Gebrüder Faller Gmbh ) is a German company for the creation and manufacture of models at different scales ( HO , N, Z) and decorative elements for model railroad network , military model making and fairground model making. The company Faller has also developed for the rail networks the Car-System allowing to evolve on the miniature networks, in addition to trains, road vehicles. Continue Reading “Faller (model making)”
The digital command control (DCC), in French “digital control system” is a standard used in the model railway to individually control of locomotives or track accessories by modulating the supply voltage of the way. Continue Reading “Digital Command Control”
Keys for the miniature train is a French magazine founded in 2012 1 , 2 by Christian Fournereau and François Fontana belonging to the group LR Press which deals with themes around model rail . Aimed at beginners in model railroading, it is a partner of the FFMF on the occasion of numerous exhibitions 3 , 4 . It is distributed by subscription and is available in over 7,000 points of sale 5 . The first issues were launched at a price of 2.90 euros 6 . Since the n ° 17 (January-February 2015), the selling price is 3.60 euros7 . The current editor is Denis Fournier Le Ray. Among the journal’s regular contributors are Daniel Aurillo, Philippe Cousyn, François Fontana, François Fouger, Christophe Franchini, Pierre Julien, Aurélien Prévot … Continue Reading “Keys for the miniature train”
A low-gauge railway uses a spacing of 381 mm (15 ‘), 400 mm (15 3/4’), 406 mm (16 ‘), 457 mm (18’), 500 mm (19 3/4) ‘) or 508 mm (20’). The concept of low gauge railways was originally developed by Estate Railways 1 and the French company Decauville for industrial railways. Continue Reading “Low gauge railway”
Railway puzzles are games of logic and deduction from the world of railways , using miniature trains . It is then a question of solving a given problem in a minimum of time or maneuvers. There are a number of more or less famous railway puzzles. Continue Reading “Railway puzzles”
Window of the World (in Chinese : 世界之窗, Window of the World ) is a theme park located in the Overseas Chinese Town area west of Shenzhen City in the People’s Republic of China . Like its neighbor Happy Valley , it is owned by Overseas Chinese Town Holding Company . The park, with a surface of 480,000 m 2 , includes about 130 reproductions of famous tourist attractions most of the world. The 108 meters of the reproduction of the Eiffel Tower dominate the horizon, while the pyramids of Giza and the Taj Mahal are close to each other. Continue Reading “Window of the World”
The Babbacombe Model Village is a miniature village and model railway located in Babbacombe , Torquay in Devon .
The model village was opened in 1963 by Tom Dobbins. 1 , 2 Mr. Dobbins had already opened another model village in Southport in 1957. Continue Reading “Model building village Babbacombe”
Tobu World Square (Tob 武 ワ ワ ク ク ェ ェ ア ア ア ア) is a Japanese theme park located in Tochigi Prefecture , an 8-minute walk from Kinugawa Hot Spring . It is proud to present 42 of the world’s most famous UNESCO World Heritage sites at a scale of 1/25 th . Continue Reading “Tobu World Square”
SwissMiniatur is a miniature park in Switzerland .
Inaugurated in 1959 in Melide not far from Lugano in the canton of Ticino , it presents, on 14 000 m 2 1 , the reproduction of 120 buildings, monuments and sites of Switzerland in miniature scale 1:25. Continue Reading “Swissminiatur”
The Swiss Steam Park is a rail park miniatures of 18,000 meters square, situated on the banks of Lake Geneva in Switzerland . The Park exhibits 1: 3 scale models of locomotivesequipped with real steam engines and replicas of buildings in the region. Continue Reading “Swiss Steam Park”
Splendid China Folk Village ( Simplified Chinese : 锦绣 中华 民俗 村, pinyin : Zhǐnghuá Mínsú Cūn ) is a theme park located in Shenzhen , China . It offers two sections: Splendid China Miniature Park and China Folk Culture Village . They were independent until 2003 when they were united to form Splendid China Folk Village . The theme of the park reflects the history, culture, art, ancient architecture, customs and traditions of different ethnic Chinese. Developed and managed by the China Travel Services tourism companyit is one of the largest landscaped parks in the world. The park covers 30 hectares. It also hosts several shows illustrating various events in the history of China . Continue Reading “Splendid China Folk Village”
Portugal dos Pequenitos (translation: “Portugal of Tiny”) is a thematic park in Portugal , designed and built as a playful, educational and touristic space to show Portuguese cultural and heritage aspects. It was built in the city of Coimbra and was opened on. Since 1959, the park has been part of the Bissaya Barreto Foundation, which has been sponsoring it . Continue Reading “Portugal dos Pequenitos”
The Petit-Paris is a reconstitution representing the city of Paris in miniature in Vaïssac in Tarn-et-Garonne , 20 km from Montauban . Over forty monuments and areas of Paris are recreated in scale 1: 130 th in a garden. Its slogan is “Le Petit-Paris, the capital in miniature”. Continue Reading “Le Petit-Paris (leisure park)”
The Park Plombières-les-Bains Miniature is a miniature park located in the spa town of Plombières-les-Bains in the Vosges in Lorraine . Continue Reading “Miniature Park Alsace Lorraine”
Italia in miniatura is a miniature park located in Viserba, in Rimini , in the region of Emilia – Romagna in Italy 1 . Continue Reading “Italia in miniatura”
Lilleputthammer is a miniature park and amusement park located in the commune of Øyer , 20 km north of Lillehammer , close to the European Route 6 . The miniature park built in 1982 consists of a copy of the main street of Lillehammer in the 1900s. It was built on a scale of 1: 4. Over the years, the park has had a number of mechanical attractions such as a carousel , a ferris wheel and a junior roller coaster . Continue Reading “Lilleputthammer”
Minitalia Leolandia Park (best known until 2007 under the name FantasyWorld Minitalia and Minitalia ) is an amusement park located in Capriate San Gervasio , in the province of Bergamo , in Lombardy . Continue Reading “Minitalia Leolandia Park”
Minimundus is a park located near the Wörthersee in Klagenfurt , Carinthia , Austria .
This park offers about 150 miniature reproductions of the most beautiful monuments and sites around the world in scale 1/25 th . Continue Reading “Minimundus”
Miniatürk is a miniature park located on the north-eastern shore of the Golden Horn in Istanbul , Turkey .
The park opened on May 2, 2003 . Miniatürk covers a total area of 60,000 m². With its 15,000 m² exhibition, it is one of the largest miniature parks in the world. Continue Reading “Miniatürk”
Mini-Europe is a miniature park located in Bruparck at the foot of the Atomium in Brussels . Continue Reading “Mini-Europe”
Mini-Châteaux is a miniature park located in Amboise , in Indre-et-Loire .
This park proposes more than 44 miniature reproductions of the high places of its region and in particular the prestigious castles of the Loire . The whole on a ground of more than 2 hectares, arranged with some 2,000 bonzaïs , for a course of 1,5 kilometer. Continue Reading “Mini-Castles Park”
Mini World Lyon is an animated miniature park of 4500m² in the leisure center of Carré de Soie in Vaulx-en-Velin , in the Metropolis of Lyon ( France ). This park is open since June 30, 2016 1 . Continue Reading “Mini World Lyon”
Mini Israel (in Hebrew: מיני ישראל) is a miniature park located near Latroun , Israel in the Ayalon Valley . Opened in November 2002, the site contains miniature replicas of hundreds of buildings and sites in Israel. The tourist attraction consists of about 350 miniature models , most of which are on a scale of 1:25. Continue Reading “Israel Mini”
Madurodam is a miniature park , located in The Hague , The Netherlands , home to perfect 1:25 scale replicas of famous historic monuments and public buildings, infrastructure, industrial activities and typical neighborhoods. it is found in various places in the country. Continue Reading “Madurodam”
France miniature is a ” miniature park ” located near Paris , in Elancourt , in Yvelines , opened since 1991 .
117 monuments and French sites are reproduced in miniature in scale 1/30 th of an area of five hectares landscaped shaped map of France with pools to the locations of seas and oceans border the Hexagon and a island of Corsica (whose distance to the “coasts” of miniature France does not respect the scale). Continue Reading “France Miniature”
The Drosera Village or Drosera Park was a leisure complex located at 1,200 meters altitude in the heart of a natural area of 16 hectares in the Forez Mountains . The site was located near the ski resorts of Chalmazel and Col de la Loge , in the municipality of Jeansagnière in the Loire , in the Rhône-Alpes region . Continue Reading “Village of Drosera”
Catalunya en Miniatura ( Catalonia in Miniature ) is a miniature park opened in 1983 in Torrelles de Llobregat , 17 km from Barcelona . With an area of 60,000 square metersincluding 35,000 square meters dedicated to models, this is one of the largest miniature parks. It presents scale models of 147 works of Calatan and Majorcan architecture , including works by Antoni Gaudí . Continue Reading “Catalunya in Miniatura”
A miniature park is a type of specialized leisure park where miniature reproductions (mainly architectural) are presented . These parks may contain, according to their themes, models representing entire cities, neighborhoods or specific monuments. Continue Reading “Miniature park”
Bekonscot in Beaconsfield , Buckinghamshire , is the oldest miniature park in the world 1 , 2 , 3 . Continue Reading “Bekonscot”
The Garden of the Ardéchois Trains, SARL Ardèche Miniatures, is a miniature park located on the commune of Soyons , in Ardèche .
This park, created by a retired SNCF agent and model train enthusiast, presents miniatures of the region’s trains and trams ( Vivarais Railway ), all in a decor and decorated with models of buildings and caravans. natural elements (vegetation, rocks, streams, …) of the Ardèche . Continue Reading “Miniature Ardeche”
The Draguar is an imaginary miniature car model, created by the British toy house Matchbox , owned by the Lesney group .
The vehicle is a hybrid of the very real Jaguar Type D and Type E cars , and a fictional dragster , sporting an imposing front engine. It is surmounted by a plastic bubble revealing the interior of the cabin (bubble sometimes colorless, sometimes yellow). It is reproduced approximately to scale 1/ 64 th . Continue Reading “Draguar”
The tether car are driven by a combustion engine (2 times) by displacement of 1.5 cm 3 , 2.5 cm 3 , 3.5 cm 3 , 5 cm 3 to 10 cm 3 , bursting of methyl alcohol and ‘ castor oil . They go on a circular track of 19.90 m in diameter, the small vehicles being connected by a cable to a rotating central pylon. Actual speeds reached exceed 330 km / h. Continue Reading “Circular cars”
Tonka is a company American of toys especially known for its miniature reproductions of trucks and construction machinery . Continue Reading “Tonka (company)”
Tomica is a collection of miniature vehicles produced by Takara Tomy ( Japan ).
The scale is the 3 inches, traditional scale in this type of product. Continue Reading “Tomica”
Micro Machines is a brand of vehicles reproduced on a smaller scale than those of competing brands like Majorette or Hot Wheels .
Originally created by Galoob (a company incorporated in Hasbro in 1999), from a license from the inventor of toys Clem Heeden, in the mid-1980s, these toys were popular in the 1990s. Continue Reading “Micro Machines”
Hot Wheels is an American toy brand founded in 1968 belonging to the Mattel Group and producing miniature cars. Continue Reading “Hot Wheels”
Car-Horse (often typographed in capitals) is a French brand of miniature vehicles .
It was in 1919 that Albert Hubert created Modern Joinery, which became a wooden toy company. He has the idea in 1930 to use wood to make 1/43 scale cars, with lead wheels. He thinks it is a guarantee of robustness and gives the name of Car-Horse (small Anglo-Saxon wink) and which can also be understood in “Coach”. The first Car-Horse miniature vehicles were released in 1931 ; these are truck toys ( Berliet , Bernard Group , Renault , Citroën ). Continue Reading “Car-Horse”
The Bugatti Type 52 or Bugatti Baby / Baby Bugatti is an electric car of sports for children of the automaker Bugatti , built between 1926 and 1936 to around 500 1 , 2 . Continue Reading “Bugatti Type 52”
Schuco is a German toy company, founded in Nuremberg in 1912 by Heinrich Müller and Heinrich Schreyer under the name Spielzeugfirma Schreyer & Co 1 . Continue Reading “Schuco”
Salza is a French manufacturer of figurines related to cycling sport . The company was founded by Victor Salza in 1947 . He also manufactured soldiers but this production was less than that of cyclists . Continue Reading “Salza (figurines)”
RAMI is a brand of miniature cars that was operated by the company JMK from 1958 to 1969. The models produced, scale 1/43, are reproductions of automobiles before the war. Continue Reading “RAMI (miniature brand)”
Quiralu is a former French toy company mainly known for its military figures . It was founded in 1932 by Emile Quirin who ran a family art foundry in Luxeuil in the Haute-Saône 1 . In 1941, his son-in-law Hubert Desgranges assumed the management, then in 1948, Bernard Desgranges son of Hubert 2 . Continue Reading “Quiralu”
Minialuxe is a brand of miniature cars, originally located in Oyonnax , in the department of Ain and today based in Canéjan in the Gironde department . Continue Reading “Minialuxe”
Matchbox is a brand of toys – and formerly board games – belonging to the Mattel Group . Continue Reading “Matchbox (company)”
The world of garden gear and model railroading comes from the toy industry .
For historical reasons, the scales are varied and often presented in an ambiguous way by the suppliers who want to benefit from the notoriety of the ‘G’ track ( 45 mm ). Continue Reading “List of Garden Train Manufacturers”
Joyax is a French company specialized in the manufacture of toys . Founded in Marseille in 1946 by Francis Lan, the company is active until the early 1980s. Continue Reading “Joyax”
Majorette is a French brand of miniature cars .
Characterized by their small size and weight rather high, scale ranges from 1/55 th to 1/100 th , and in fact most of the toys scale models.
Made in zamak and plastic, these miniature cars arrived on the market at prices that competed with the productions of Norev and Dinky Toys , to a lesser fidelity, but they had an enormous success, so much so that Majorette was quickly the first producer of French miniatures. Continue Reading “Majorette (company)”
Italeri is an Italian company of plastic model . Formerly named Italaerei, the company was created in the 60s and initially produced airplane kits and military models. Italeri has expanded its collection, and every year new models come out. Also, the company molds kits in 1/72 and 1/35 Continue Reading “Italeri”
Gilac is a plastics company founded in 1941 by Olivier Lacroix Note 1 . The company was first established in Péruwelz in Belgium before moving to Oyonnax . The company gained notoriety through its advertising during the 1950s and 1960s . Continue Reading “Gilac”
Dinky Toys is a toy brand created in 1934 in the United Kingdom . The toys are then made in the UK and France by Meccano Ltd. , which produced miniature cars first of lead then zamac , but also some trains, planes, boats and various figurines and road accessories. The brand was very successful during the years 1950 to 1970 . It has since been bought by other toy brands. Continue Reading “Dinky Toys”
Corgi Toys is a company established in 1956 in the United Kingdom , specializing in the manufacture and marketing of scale models. The current name is Corgi International Limited . It has also been known by its previous name: Zindart International Limited . Corgi International Limited is listed on ( NASDAQ : CRGI [ archive ] ). Continue Reading “Corgi toys”
The establishment Key is a company Plastic founded in 1952 by Clement Gaget to Oyonnax 1 . The latter gave him the first three letters of his first name as the name of his business 2 . Clément Gaget establishments ceased their activities in 1986 3 . Continue Reading “Key (company)”
Bburago is an important Italian model brand.
Its production focuses on European models reproduced at the scale 1/18, 1/24, 1/43 and more recently 1 / 32e. The material used is mainly zamak . Some models are either fully assembled, or kit version with only few parts to mount (body and frame screw, decals). Continue Reading “Bburago”
Arnold is a German toy company founded in Nuremberg on October 4, 1906 . It passed under the control of Rivarossi after Cessation of payments , before joining the band Hornby in 2004 . Continue Reading “Arnold (model making)”
Airfix is a British brand of plastic models .
It is currently Hornby Railways that owns the Airfix brand. Continue Reading “Airfix”
The Orion is a model of boat serving as ex-votos in the church Saint-Sauveur neighborhood of St Goustan in Auray ( Morbihan ). Continue Reading “Orion (ex-voto)”
The Arsenal model is a leisure activity 1 , which is to build a model scaled-old wooden ships, mainly from the time of the xvii th and xviii th century, from monographs . Continue Reading “Modellism of arsenal”
La Flore is a ship model exhibited at the Musée National de la Marine in Paris. It is about a frigate of 18 guns realized in 1806 and which reproduces on a reduced scale the frigate of the same name built between 1804 and 1807 in Rochefort according to the plans of Pierre Rolland. The Flora bears witness to the type of frigate built at that time, with more than 146 models of this class built between 1781 and 1813 1 .
The Bayadère is a ship model exhibited at the National Maritime Museum in Rochefort . It is a big corvette to fellows (the battery deck is covered at the front and back by fellows) of 22 guns. It was manufactured between 1814and 1817 at the workshop of models of Paris and the workshop of the arsenal of Rochefort according to the plans of François Poncet and Jacques Noël Sané Continue Reading “Ship model La Bayadère”
Gérard Delacroix (born on) Is an archaeological researcher, author and publisher French specializing in naval architecture of the XVII th and XVIII th centuries. Author of several monographs and articles, he is also a lecturer and consultant. Continue Reading “Gérard Delacroix”
A cardboard boat race , also known as a cardboard boat regatta , is a competition that has appeared in US universities. The first mention of a race appears in a design exercise proposed by Davis Pratt at Southern Illinoy University in 1962 1 . Continue Reading “Cardboard boat race”
Jean Pierre Paul Boudriot , born March 20, 1921 in Dijon and died February 22, 2015 in Paris, is a French architect also known for his publications on ancient weapons and naval architecture. Continue Reading “Jean Boudriot”
A pop-pop boat is a small toy boat propelled by a rudimentary steam engine , typically heated by a candle. This toy was invented in the 1890s by the French engineer Désiré Thomas Piot and it was later perfected. Very fashionable in Europe and the United States at the beginning of xx th century, this toy inexpensive and easy to build is still common in our time in some countries (Asia, South America). Continue Reading “Pop-pop boat”
The naval model , or nautical, has for object the realization, and sometimes the use, of models of boats . He proposes models under glass (bottles or dioramas), models of old rigorously reproduced boats ( model of arsenal ), a simpler static modelism and dynamic model-making, generally radio-controlled. Continue Reading “Model ship”
A radio controlled helicopter (RC) is a model aircraft whose characteristics are different from a radio controlled aircraft due to differences in construction, aerodynamics and flight experience. Continue Reading “RC Helicopter”
The Picoo Z (also known as Havoc Heli or Honey Bee in some countries) is an indoor model of miniature remote controlled helicopter in polystyrene and plastic marketed by the Chinese firm Silverlit Toys. Continue Reading “Picoo Z”
The Micro 47G is a helicopter radio controlled birotor Indoor and also Outdoor in good weather produced by the mark Graupner . It can remain hovering stable. Continue Reading “Micro 47G”
Hélico RC is aFrench magazine dedicated to the world of the radio controlled helicopter . Continue Reading “RC Helicopter”
The Dragonfly 53 (also called Swiss Heli ) is a helicopter radio-controlled helicopter designed by Walkera brand . It is mainly used for learning model aircraft , both indoor ( indoor ) and outdoor ( outdoor ), without wind. Continue Reading “Dragonfly 53”
Dragonfly ( “Dragonfly” in English ) is a series of radio controlled helicopters electric manufactured in China by Walkera . It is a small model and low price. There are Dragonfly 22 , 35 , 36 , 40 , 60 , 37 , 5 # 4 , 39 , 45 , 53 and 4 . The radio control controls the power of the engine, the inclination of the helicopter to the right, left, forward, backward, and rotation on itself. Continue Reading “Dragonfly (radio controlled helicopter)”
Walkera is a Chinese brand of radio controlled aircraft. She notably invented the Dragonfly series . Continue Reading “Walkera”
The flight slope , also called Soaring , or surf tunes , is a technique gliding without towing or winching or engine. When a valley breeze encounters a relief, it rises generating a dynamic updraft , which accumulates most of the time in the mountains with thermal updrafts . By staying in this very holding region, the gliding, a RC glider , glider , glider or gliding may remain in the air all the time will this dynamic. Continue Reading “Flight of slope”
The dynamic soaring (or Dynamic soaring) is a flight technique used to make the energy passing through repeatedly the boundary between two air masses having different speeds. Such areas of significant wind speed gradient are either near the ground or in an area protected by an obstacle such as at the back of a hill. Therefore this technique is used mainly by birds or radio-controlled gliders. However, glider pilots like Ingo Renner have been able to use it. The maximum speed reported by radio-controlled glider pilots is 500 miles per hour or about 800 km / h . Continue Reading “Gradient flight”
The circular flight is a discipline of model aircraft , for which motorized aircraft are connected to cables. These cables, with a length of 15 to 20 meters are connected to a control handle that can control the aircraft. Continue Reading “Circular flight”
The Vigilant F-2000 is a small reconnaissance and surveillance helicopter drone manufactured by the French Thales . He is currently [When?] , With the DT-18 Delair-Tech the only French UAV to have permission to fly out of sight on civilian land [ref. necessary] . Continue Reading “Vigilant (drone)”
Fabien Turpaud is a model aircraft pilot born in 1986. He specializes in indoor aerobatics (indoor) or outdoors with airplanes up to 3 meters wide (gasoline engines 160 cm 3 and up to 20 kg) . He is champion of France 2008, 2009 and 2010 1 , 2 . In 2009, he won an international gold medal at the World Air Games in Turin 3 . Continue Reading “Fabien Turpaud”
A model radio control is an instrument for remote control of a model . It is usually equipped with two levers to control the power of the engine and steering. There are also models with a wheel and a trigger for model cars. They can be very simple (depth and direction lever and throttle for aircraft) or very complex (changing channels and modes). Continue Reading “Model radio control”
T-Rex is the name of a series of model RC Helicopters produced by the Taiwanese company Align. Since the creation of the first T-Rex 450 in 2002, the range has expanded with the T-Rex 100, 150, 250, 500, 550, 600, 800 and guimbal (version of the 800 provided for photography). Continue Reading “T-Rex (radio controlled helicopter)”
The counter-rotating rotor is a type of main rotor of helicopter .
It involves using two main rotors of equal characteristics but rotating in opposite directions to cancel the effects of torque and thus, save the anti-torque rotor and increase the payload . Continue Reading “Counter rotating rotor”
The Rocketry Challenge is an Anglo-Saxon competition that was held for the first time in France in 2010. It involves making a mini-rocket that must reach a fixed height, and carry an intact egg. Continue Reading “Rocketry Challenge”
The Polyclub is a radio-controlled aircraft that weighs an average of 250 grams.
Created in 2006 within the indoor club of Saint Vrain in Essonne, the original drawing is William Rohmer (willmodelism) member of the club at that time. Continue Reading “Polyclub”
The swashplate is the essential element for flying a helicopter . It allows to transmit to the blades of the main rotor the pilot commands (requests) given by the pilot by means of the control levers (collective and cyclic) or by the autopilot which acts directly at the wheelhouse and the jacks or servocontrols . Continue Reading “Cyclical plateau (helicopter)”
A radio-controlled glider is a scale model of glider , remote controlled from the ground.
A glider is an aerodyne devoid of engine . Glider practice is gliding . It is an aircraft equipped with lift planes with significant elongation conferring a very low glide angle. It is controlled by mastering the three axes of roll , pitch and yaw . Gliders can be put in the air in four different ways. The most common is towing by an aircraft called tug, throwing it by hand (for hand-launched gliders)), the third less common is the winch and finally more rarely, by its own means thanks to a motor is fixed or (most often) retractable. These are motorgliders . An action on the remote control makes it possible to turn off the engine once at altitude, or even to restart it. Continue Reading “Radio controlled glider”
Pixhawk is an independent project that aims to provide high-end, low-cost or reasonable pilot control equipment (autopilot) to university, recreation and industrial user communities. This is an Opensource computer hardware development project (made available or sold under open license ” Creative commons cc-by-sa 3.0″). Continue Reading “Pixhawk”
A propeller is said to have a fixed pitch when its blades are fixed (this is the most common case); in other words, they can not change inclination. Continue Reading “Not fixed”
A collective step makes it possible to change the inclination of the blades of the main rotor of a helicopter . It is found on real helicopters, but it is optional on RC helicopters (also called RC). Continue Reading “Not collective”
Outdoor is a term that is used in model aircraft , often in opposition to the word “indoor”. It is often used for small park flyers who are able to fly in both environments, or planes of about 1 meter wide. These are mainly ‘semimaquette’ planes and others more fanciful. Outdoor flying is very common because indoor flight rooms are often not easy to find. Continue Reading “Outdoor”
Nixie is a small drone equipped with a camera. When the drone is inactive it is worn on the wrist like a watch. Once activated, it becomes quadrotor . Continue Reading “Nixie (drone)”
Multiplex is a German brand of model aircraft . This company created in 1958 produces and sells models and remote control equipment 1 . Continue Reading “Multiplex Modellsport”
Model Graphix ( モ デ ル ラ ラ フ ィ ッ ス ス? ) Is a Japanese magazine launched in 1984 and specialized inaeronautical model making . It is a seinen (publication intended more for a public of young men) published at a monthly rate, at the end of the month, by the publisher Dai Nippon Kaiga 1 . Continue Reading “Model Graphix”
A micro rocket is a mini rocket experiment that allows you to learn safely the parameters that govern the flight of a rocket. They are powered by a powder micro-propellant. Continue Reading “Micro rocket”
Indoor is a term for small models that evolve in a closed space like a gym . The models are often very light and propelled by an electric motor. Indoor flying is an important part of model aircraft since technological advances in miniaturization. Small helicopters like the Picoo Z or Micro 47G are able to fly in a smaller space like a house or an apartment. Continue Reading “Indoor (model aircraft)”
HobbyKing is a sales site (controlled by Hextronik.Ltd ) of models to Internet based on Hong Kong , it mainly distributes products dedicated to the model aircraft and model . It was founded in 2001 in Hong Kong by Anthony Hand . This company has become known by the introduction of low cost equipment in a market reserved for an elite but also through a wide choice of products. Continue Reading “HobbyKing”
Hitec is a Korean brand of aircraft and electronics remote controls for radio controlled aircraft .
HITEC is also a company and a French brand, leader in the design and manufacture of measuring instruments in the field of water [ archive ] : transmitters and level switches, pressure sensors and displays. Continue Reading “Hitec”
Heller is a French brand of plastic models mainly ladders 1/400 th , 1/125 th , 1/72 th and 1/35 th and figurines to scale 1/72 th . Founded in 1957 by Leo Jahiel in Paris, she has been living in Trun (Normandy) since 1963.
The Graupner Mosquito is a remote-controlled glider (RC) from the German company (Johannes) Graupner , manufacturer of radio-controlled scale models.
It is a glider delivered in kit. With a wingspan of 2.50 m, it is essentially made from balsa , its structure is one of the lightest in its category. The ribbed wings attach and detach in the middle for transport. Continue Reading “Graupner mosquito”
Graupner (its original name Graupner Modellbau ) is a company German of models , mainly of model airplanes . It was founded in 1930 in Stuttgart by Johannes Graupner . Continue Reading “Graupner (model making)”
Futaba is a Japanese brand of radiocontrols for model aircraft and naval models , among others. Continue Reading “Futaba Corporation”
The rocket baking soda / vinegar (also called “chemical rocket” or “rocket VBS”) is an experience to illustrate the principle of action / reaction and chemical reactions . Continue Reading “Sodium bicarbonate fuze”
The air model , or model aircraft , is a model of model that has developed in symbiosis with the aviation whose flight it tries to reproduce, the piloting technique, by specific models and the appearance by models to reduced scale of the real. Continue Reading “Aerial modelism”
A rocket water or hydropneumatic rocket is a wheel gear which comprises a bottle in PET propelled by reaction , using the water and the air under pressure . These machines can exceed the speed of 400 km / h and 100 metersof altitude 1 . Their launch requires the use of a launch pad (or no shot) manufactured for this purpose. For its educational virtues and its spectacular side, the construction of water rockets is an activity often practiced in schools and holiday centers. Continue Reading “Water rocket”
A swarm of drones is a co-ordinated set of UAVs , 1 , terrestrial, underground or maritime 2 , intended to perform a common task in various types of civil or military applications 2 . It’s a branch of swarm robotics .
Some bases of group travel were established by the American artificial life specialist , Craig Reynolds in 1987 3 . Continue Reading “Swarm of drones”
The Easy Star is a model of remote controlled airplane in Elapor marketed by the German firm Multiplex Modellsport . Continue Reading “EasyStar”
A drone (from the English word meaning drone 1 ) or without pilot means an aircraft without human on board (but most often remote controlled). The drone can have a civilian or military use. In France, the regulations incorporate aeromodelling activities with drones 2 . Drones are used for the benefit of armed forces or security – police , customs – of a state. Continue Reading “Drone”
The thrusters amateur rockets are classified by a letter. Each letter corresponds to a multiplication of power by 2. The propellants A, B, C are classified in pyrotechnic articles of entertainment categories K1 and K2: UN number: 0431 Risk class (for the transport): 1.4 G Continue Reading “Classification of rocket boosters”
BMI-Models is a Belgian brand of model and mainly model aircraft . The company started its activities in 1970 . Continue Reading “BMI-Models”
The radio-controlled airplanes (RC) are models reduced controlled by a remote control . They use a radio communication between a transmitter remote control and a receiver located in the aircraft. The receiver controls the actuators actuating the control surfaces or other functions of the aircraft as a function of driver control commands given by the position of joysticks radio controlledas a hobby is constantly increasing due to the availability of smaller and less expensive parts, as well as technological advances. A wide variety of styles and styles are available to satisfy all desires and budgets. Due to availability and advances in electric accumulators and electric motors, a growing number of users are using electric rather than thermal airplanes (most often running on methanol / oil or gasoline ). Electric airplanes are easier to build, quieter and less messy. Continue Reading “Radio Controlled Aircraft”
The amateur rocketry is a hobby that involves making models of rockets and, most often, to make them fly. The modeller will focus on “real” space rockets , which he will make as faithful reproductions as possible. The “technician”, meanwhile, will focus on creating and flying rockets. Continue Reading “amateur rocketry”
The descent is the upward movement of an object. This term is used in meteorology to refer to the move to a higher altitude of a parcel of air either thermodynamically or mechanically. The formation of clouds occurs by the rise of the air. Gliders and birds use this effect to stay in flight. The ancestry of the air will be constant if the air is stable but will accelerate if the air is unstable. His reverse is subsidence . Continue Reading “Ancestry (meteorology)”
APM: Copter (formerly arducopter ) is a flight stabilization system and autopilot for scale model wing revolving 1 :
- An Arduino- compatible control card to which was added a set of sensors to acquire the state of the device as well as control ports for controlling the motors and servomotors of the device 2 .
Airtronics is an American brand of aeromodelling remotes . The company produces very complex radio controls intended mainly for professionals. Continue Reading “Airtronics”
A brushless motor , or ” motor brushless ” or synchronous machine self-driven permanent magnet is an electric machine of the category synchronous machines 1 , the rotor consists of one or more permanent magnetsand provided with origin of a sensor rotor position ( Hall sensor , synchro-resolver, incremental encoder …). Continue Reading “Brushless motor”
The Plan-relief of Grenoble is a model completed in 1848, at the scale 1/600 e , of the city of Grenoble . It is one of 150 relief plans built for strategic purposes between 1668 and 1870, representing with great precision fortified sites in France 1 . Continue Reading “Relief map of Grenoble”
Vendée Miniature is a miniature museum in Bretignolles-sur-Mer , in the Vendée department . This miniature village was founded by Marie-Françoise and Yves Aubron. The Vendée Miniature museum is a reconstruction at the scale 1/10 th of a real village in the Vendée 1920 Vendée Miniature is one of the most beautiful villages of France miniature[not neutral] . Continue Reading “Vendée Thumbnail”
The term live steam refers to small models of leisure or study, driven by a steam engine .
These are mostly model steam locomotives , steamboats or locomobiles . Continue Reading “Steam Steam”
The Gaillac miniature train is an important network of electric trains, built and managed by a local club ( association law 1901 ) of model rail at Gaillac in the department of Tarn . Continue Reading “Miniature train Gaillacois”
Starlux was a French manufacturer of miniature soldiers who was based in the department of Dordogne , Coulounieix-Chamiers , a suburb of Périgueux 1 . Continue Reading “StarLux”
Solido is a French brand of miniature vehicles. Continue Reading “Solido (model making)”
Slot And Go is the registered trademark of a French shop specializing in the miniature electric road circuit .
The store no longer exists. (company canceled on 04/06/2015: source Infogreffe.fr). Continue Reading “Slot And Go”
The company SEGOM (acronym for “Society of General Edition of Molded Objects”) was a French manufacturer of historical figures figurines in cellulose acetate , these figurines in ” round bump ” to assemble and paint represented mainly soldiers of the period of the First Empire at scales 1/72 e and 1/32 e . She was a pioneer in this area. From the 80s she went to the manufacture of tin dishes. Continue Reading “Segom”
Scalextric is a British-made miniature electric road circuit brand , now operated by two competing companies, Hornby (UK company) and Tecnitoys (Spanish company). Continue Reading “Scalextric”
Renaud Savoya is a model hobbyist and professional pilot of a radio controlled car . Born in 1987 in Annecy , France , he is 3 times European Champion (2008-2009-2010) in the discipline 1/8 e “All Terrain”. Continue Reading “Renaud Savoya”
The Spielwarenmesse International Toy Fair Nürnberg is the most important toy fair in the world. It takes place every year for the first 6 days of February and is reserved exclusively for professionals of the toy industry, press representatives and invited companies. 2700 exhibitors from 60 countries come to present their new products to 79 000 wholesalers and buyers, including 54% international (2011 figures). The fair organizer is the Spielwarenmesse eG, a service provider in the marketing and organization of toy trade fairs with headquarters in Nuremberg . Continue Reading “Nuremberg Toy Fair”
The New York Toy Fair or the American International Toy Fair (stylized TOY FAIR ) is an annual convention of the toy industry held in mid-February, in the city of New Yorktaking place at Jacob K. Javits Convention Center and in different exhibition halls of the city. The event is reserved exclusively for toy industry professionals, press representatives and invited companies. The organization of the show is the responsibility of the Toy Industry Association 1 . The show’s organizers describe it as the biggest toy show in the Western Hemisphere. Continue Reading “New York Toy Fair”
The relief Magnin is a model made by the architect Auguste Magnin (1841-1903) which represents the city of Geneva in 1850, that is to say before the removal of its ramparts and bastions “à la Vauban” 1 , 2 . It was presented at the Swiss National Exhibition of 1896 1 . The model is kept at Maison Tavel . Continue Reading “Magnin Relief”
the Radiomodélisme is part of the model that focuses on dynamic models. These models are equipped with electric or thermal motors and controlled by a radio-remote control . Continue Reading “Radiomodélisme”
The pulse jet engine is a cyclic reaction engine , independently patented in Germany and France in 1930 [ref. necessary] , and developed especially for the German V1 flying bomb during the Second World War . Continue Reading “pulse jet”
The Port-Revel Maritime Pilot Training Center , located in the municipality of Saint-Pierre-de-Bressieux in Isère , near Grenoble , is a training school for pilots, captains and officers on large vessels such as supertankers , container ships , LNG carriers and cruise ships . The installation uses 1 / 25th scale models on an artificial lake designed to simulate natural conditions, including harbors, canals, and the open sea. It is the first establishment of its kind in the world. Continue Reading “Port Revel”
A spaghetti bridge is a model of the bridge made with spaghetti and glue. These bridges are generally built either in a pedagogical framework or in the context of competitions for college students, high school students or young students. Continue Reading “Spaghetti bridge”
The relief map is a form of geographic representation in relief in the form of a model that was initially a military tool used to visualize development projects or campaigns concerning fortified sites . They presented themselves in the form of a mock-up of ground including the details of the arrangements to the scale. Continue Reading “Map-relief”
The museum-reliefs maps present a unique collection of relief maps of fortresses dating, essentially the xvii th century xix th century. It is located at the Hotel des Invalides in the 7 th arrondissement of Paris . Continue Reading “Museum of Relief Plans”
List of relief plans on deposit at the Palais des Beaux-Arts 1 Lille
- Calais France , 753 x 463 cm , scale 1/600, 6 tables (1691)
- Charleroi Belgium , 405 x 340 cm , scale 1/600, 4 tables (1695)
- Ath Belgium , 480 x 378 cm , scale 1/600, 5 tables (1697)
- Ypres Belgium , by engineer Tessier Derville, 944 x 548 cm , scale 1/600, 12 tables (1698-1702)
Plamo ( プ ラ モ , puramo ? ) Refers to both a passion and the products used for that passion. In the West , plamo is used exclusively in the world of anime , manga or fantasy to designate a model , a plastic model or a resin . However, in Japan, the term “plamo” encompasses the complete activity of model making , while in the West it concerns only the Japanese branch 1 . Continue Reading “Plamo”
The toy soldiers are figurines military for play, manufactured at different times, of paper, lead, tin, steel, composition materials, aluminum or plastic.
According to the periods and the manufacturers there are great constants in the represented armies (Napoleonic army, colonial wars, first and second world war, war of secession). Continue Reading “Little soldiers”
The palace of the miniature and diorama is a museum located near Rocamadour located in the village of Calès ( Lot ) in a royal post office from 1682.
This is one of the largest collections of figurines miniatures in France (18 dioramas depicting scenes of life in the xviii th and xix th centuries. Continue Reading “Palace of the Miniature and Diorama”
Norev is a French brand of model car created in September 1945 1 , 2 . The name of the company is the anacyclique (word written backwards) of Véron, name of the three brothers creators of the brand: Paul, Joseph and Émile Véron (the latter will later create Majorette ), and is also a phonetic shortcut of the expression (the toys of) “Our dreams” (of child). Continue Reading “Norev”
The Railway Museum is a French museum located in the village of Mornac-sur-Seudre , a tourist and oyster-farming town located on the left bank of the Seudre , in Charente-Maritime . This picturesque village, which does not lack charm, is also ranked among the hundred most beautiful villages in France and is among the most visited centers of interest in Charente-Maritime 1 . Continue Reading “Railway Museum of Mornac-sur-Seudre”
The old toy museum is a French museum located in Echillais , in the southern residential suburb of Rochefort , on the left bank of the Charente , in Charente-Maritime . Continue Reading “Museum of the ancient toy”
The Model Museum is a French museum located in the city of La Rochelle , Charente-Maritime .
It is the most important toy museum in the Center-West of France as much for its exhibition area as for the number of exhibits and animations in place. It is one of the most visited museums in La Rochelle , tourist town on the Atlantic coast of France. Continue Reading “Model Museum”
The Miniature and Film Museum , formerly the Museum of miniatures and movie sets , founded by the artist miniaturist Dan Ohlmann, is a private museum located in n o 60 rue Saint-Jean in Lyon , housed in the historic listed building of the former House of lawyers . Continue Reading “Miniature Museum and Cinema”
The Atlantrain Museum is a French museum located in the village of Saint-Just-Luzac , in Charente-Maritime , a rural and oyster-farming town located in the canton of Marennes 1 .
The Atlantrain museum is closed since August 17, 2011, the date of the death of its founder Mr. André Flon. Continue Reading “Atlantrain Museum”
The Mondial du Modélisme is a show held at the Bourget Exhibition Center or at the Porte de Versailles exhibition center in France .
Formerly Salon de la Maquette and Model Reduced , then World Model and Model Reduced , it becomes the World Modeling in 2007, on the occasion of his trip to the exhibition park of Le Bourget .
The show consists of exhibitors offering their products, sometimes with demonstrations. Continue Reading “World Model Making”
The military model , or military model making , is a leisure (some say an art ) of reproducing a scale given one or more elements of an armed force (mainly aircraft and armored vehicles ). It can therefore be a single reproduced element or a whole scene reproducing a real or fictional battle. The model can be represented for itself or staged on a diorama .
The most common scales are 1/72, 1/48 and 1/35. Continue Reading “Military modelism”
The model railway is a business model on trains and railway world , especially their reproduction according to a scale and a set theme and their exploitation .
It is about the evolution of the simple game with a miniature train or the act of the electric train : the goal is to constitute a realistic model on which the trains will be the central subject. Railway modelism then consists, for most of its practitioners, to build a network (sometimes improperly called ” circuit “) arranged and decorated, on which the model maker will circulate his trains based on the reality of the railway world. Continue Reading “Railway Model Making”
The automobile model (or automodélisme) is the business model that focuses on the breeding of model cars .
The activity of the amateurs separates rather clearly in categories close but disjoined:
- The static models
Cars of variable size, often called miniature cars where the quality of reproduction goes from the toy style to real models whose visual rendering is most realistic, which may include moving or articulated parts such as the doors or the trunk. These models can be put in situation by being incorporated in dioramas . Continue Reading “Automotive modelism”
A mathematical model is a model of a geometric form , most often made for a pedagogical approach.
Mathematical models are mainly made during the xix th century educational purposes, to help visualize mathematical surfaces (mainly cubic and quadric ) 3 . The models reproduce in space shapes that can be difficult to grasp on paper or on a simple blackboard and allow to illustrate their properties concretely 4 , 5 . The methods of realization vary: sculptures in plasteror in wood, surfaces materialized by tensioned wires (especially for the regulated surfaces ), etc. Continue Reading “Mathematical model (object)”
The models called ” models Brendel ” (the family name of their manufacturers) are models or models of high aesthetic quality, science and technology, imitating and with so greatly enlarged some taxa or bodies plants considered representative of the great floristic groups : Algae , Bryophytes , ferns , angiosperms , as well as some fungi selected in the fungal kingdom (mycology was once part of botany). Continue Reading “Brendel Models”
The Mini-Zs are 1:28 scale radio controlled cars created and manufactured by the Japanese company Kyosho . Although at first glance they might be thought of as mere toys by the “plastic” appearance of the chassis, it is a category of self-propelled model making, and even one of the least expensive categories. The car is most often delivered as a kit RTR (ready to roll) with its basic radio control (type “gun” with steering wheel on the side), and it only needs to add batteries or accumulators to roll it. Continue Reading “MiniZ”
Minichamps is a German brand of miniatures based in Aachen .
Established in 1990 under the name Paul’s Model Art GmbH (often abbreviated as PMA), the company was renamed Minichamps GmbH in 1996. Continue Reading “Minichamps”
The Miniature Armored Fighting Vehicle Association – abbreviated MAFVA and translating literally into ” Association miniature armored fighting ” – is a non-profit association British grouping collectors models of military vehicles, founded in 1965 .
Micromodels is the generic name for a series of miniature cardboard models that were published in the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1956 .
The concept was created by Geoffrey Heighway in 1940 during the Second World War to find a creative derivative to the suffering of bombed British cities. The principle was to propose very small models of cardboard to cut and to mount and taking only very little place as well not cut as assembled. Continue Reading “Micromodels”
The micro-model is a leisure which is similar to models and dedicated to the design, manufacture and control of models very small. The most accomplished objects have a mass not exceeding a few grams and measure only a few centimeters in length. Often, micro-models are the objects that can fit in one hand and have a motor system that allows them to move independently. Micro-modeling is therefore distinguished in this sense models , which remain static. Continue Reading “Micro-model”
A micro rocket is a mini rocket experiment that allows you to learn safely the parameters that govern the flight of a rocket. They are powered by a powder micro-propellant.
The micro rockets can climb up to 200 meters before descending to the ground with or without parachute . Thus, safely, different models of rockets can be tested to understand, by practice, the laws of aerodynamics . Continue Reading “Micro rocket”
Matchbox is a brand of toys – and formerly board games – belonging to the Mattel Group .
The Matchbox name appears in 1953 as a trademark of British toy Lesney , founded by the dregs Smith ( 6 March 1918 – 26 May 2005 ) and Rod ney Smith. The two men were not of the same family, despite their common name. They were school friends and had served together in the Royal Navy during the Second World War . Continue Reading “Matchbox (company)”
The model building with matches is to make models using of matches , usually made of wood. The matches used differ from conventional matches in that they have no flammable tip. They may be purchased in specialized stores or, failing that, be obtained by cutting the flammable end of a conventional match. The matches are then assembled with glue. Continue Reading “Modeling with matches”
The plastic model is a miniature model most often presented as a kit to mount and decorate oneself. It is generally produced by injection molding of polystyrene or by thermoforming resin. It often features elements made from other materials such as rubber or metal used for photoetching of hard-to-reproduce molded plastic details. Continue Reading “Plastic model”
The cardboard model uses paper and cardboard , materials that are easy to implement, to make various objects ( cardboard ) like models .
For this it is necessary to realize, on the sheets of paper or cardboard, the “plan development” of the object to be built: it is in a way the 2D pattern of the 3D object which is assimilated to an assembly of developable surfaces . Continue Reading “Cardboard model”
A model is a partial or complete representation of a system or object (existing or planned) in order to test and validate certain aspects and / or behavior (functional model), or simply for fun purposes (model play) or informative (educational or commercial presentation of an achievement or project). The model can be made in two or three dimensions, on a given scale , most often reduced or enlarged to facilitate visualization or manipulation. Continue Reading “Model”
MDM (for the Manufacture De Miniatures ) is a French brand of figurines , created in 1945 by René Daniel in Périgueux .
MDM has specialized in the 1 st Empire , by publishing figures of the Grand Army of Napoléon Bonaparte . Continue Reading “Manufacture of miniatures”
The (Mini) Majesty of the Seas is a miniature French at 1/8 the cruise ship Majesty of the Seas of the company Royal Caribbean . It was built in 1994 by François Zanella, a former miner with a passion for ships since he saw the launch of the France liner . Continue Reading “Majesty of the Seas (mini)”
A doll’s house is a house made in model , to accommodate dolls . Originally intended as a game for children , their construction and collection have also become a hobby for some adults .
The history of modern dolls houses dating back to the thumbnail windows of the xvi th century in Europe that showed idealized interiors. Smaller doll houses, with more realistic interiors, then appeared in Europe in the xviii th century. They were handmade, but after the Industrial Revolution and the Second World War , factories began mass-manufacturing more standardized and cheaper dollhouses. Continue Reading “Dollhouse”
List of figurines founders
- Alternative Armies
- Andrea Miniatures
- Art Millenium
Kyosho Corporation ( 京 商 株式会社 , Kyōshō Kabushiki Kaisha ? ) Is a Japanese company, established in October 1963, based in Chiyoda Tokyo .
It is a Japanese brand of model cars , 4x4s, planes , boats and helicopters , classified in radio-controlled model making . Continue Reading “Kyosho”
JEP (registered trademark) is a contraction of Jouet de Paris . It was created in 1920 to designate the toys produced by the Société Industriel de Ferblanterie (SIF) in activity since 1909. A brand Jouet de Paris existed however before the 1920s, and worked to manufacture helmets Adrian during the First World War [ ref. desired] .
The most famous activities of this brand (which has however also manufactured dolls) were cars and model trains . Continue Reading “Toy of Paris”
The Iwavers are radio cars ordered at the scale 1/28. This is purely and simply legal copies of Kyosho MiniZ . All parts and options running on Kyosho models are compatible. Continue Reading “Iwaver”
The International Plastic Modellers’ Society (commonly known as IPMS ) is an international community of model devotees and enthusiasts founded by Peter Elley in 1963 in the United Kingdom . She is the first in the world, historically and in number of members, of this Fandom / Hobby . Continue Reading “International Plastic Modellers’ Society”
The naturalistic illustration is a discipline at once artistic and scientific , which gathers traditionally and for several centuries
- the botanical illustration , which once included subjects mycological ;
- the anatomical illustration .
The first concerns the zoology , the botany and the human body , but in the xix th century authors like Eugène Freiherr von Ransonnet-Villez is also interested in the underwater world, and from the xviii th century, biologists publish an increasing number drawings made using the microscope . Continue Reading “Naturalistic illustration”
Histoire & maquettisme is a French magazine devoted to small scale models , the publication of which was interrupted in June 2003
Subtitled Review of the Static Miniature , History & Modeling is for model makers and military history through scale models. Continue Reading “History & Modeling”
Heller is a French brand of plastic scale models mainly at scales 1/400 e , 1/125 e , 1/72 e and 1/35 e scale and scale 1/72 e . Founded in 1957 by Leo Jahiel in Paris, she has been living in Trun (Normandy) since 1963.
Faced with the success of the forerunners such as Airfix in the 1950s, Heller is the first French brand to compete in the production of polystyrene models . Continue Reading “Heller (model making)”
The Halle aux Vivres is a French museum located in the citadel-museum of Brouage , today one of the high places of tourism of Charente-Maritime 1 where 500 000 visitors roam the streets of Brouage every year which enjoys the prestigious status of Grand national site since 1989 2 . Continue Reading “Food Hall”
The term Gunpla refers to models of mecha, characters or plastic vehicles from the Japanese franchise Gundam and marketed by Bandai ; it results from the contraction of ” Gundam plastic model “. Appeared in 1980 , the Gunpla is gradually becoming a big success in Japan to the point of largely dominate the market at present. The term also refers to the assembly of the models itself. Continue Reading “Gunpla”
The European Federation of Automotive Radio Modeling ( EFRA ) is the European organization that accredits and regulates racing in Europe . Continue Reading “European Federation of Automobile Model-Trains”
In the Catholic religion , the Christmas crib is staged in various three-dimensional arts (mainly sculpture and theater) of the Nativity , that is, the birth of Jesus of Nazareth , in the form of immutable characters, with in the first place the Holy Family and especially the Child Jesus in the manger (which means a manger ) of a stable or a cave. This original iconography is gradually enriched with different scenic formulas, characters ( shepherds , angels , Magi) and animals (oxen, donkey, sheep, camels) surrounding the naked Child Jesus in his trough, cradle or straw. The Christmas crib can be static, mechanical or living . Construction or occasional and transient representation, associated traditionally with the Christmas parties , it is more rarely a permanent and irremovable reproduction. Continue Reading “Christmas crib”
The RC drift is the fact to practice drifting with a radio controlled car .
The car is equipped with low friction tires and is configured to facilitate skidding and control. The radio-controlled drift requires skill and a good knowledge of his car. The practice is usually done with a four-wheel drive chassis to scale 1/10 th . However, there are smaller models to 1/12 th and 1/24 th to practice very easily indoors and outdoors. Continue Reading “RC Drift”
The diorama is a system of presentation by scenario or staging of an exhibition model (a historical character, fictional, an extinct animal or still alive in our era …), making it appear in its usual environment 1 .
It is a mode of reconstruction of a scene (historical, naturalistic, geological or even religious) in volume 2 (at least for the main subject placed in the center of the stage). Continue Reading “Diorama”
The Depron or Depron is the trade name for a plastic light. It consists of expanded polystyrene (EPS), obtained by extrusion (PSX). Thanks to its very fine foam, it allows to shape plates and thin sheets.
The Depron brand belongs to the Dutch company Depron BV It produces plates for the thermal insulation of machines and buildings. They are also used in air model making , model railroading and all creative leisure because they are light and inexpensive. Some signs for signage or graphic activity are coated with a smooth sheet like the “featherboard”. Continue Reading “Depron”
The Cox engines are internal combustion engines used in the model . LM Cox Manufacturing Co., Inc. was founded in 1945 to be resold in 1996 in Estes, which will cease production in 2009. When they stopped producing their engines, the remaining parts stock was resold to a buyer private Canadian, and starts producing parts again, Cox International. Continue Reading “Cox (engines)”
The Industrial Company of the toy ( ICJ ) is a miniature toy manufacturer established in 1920 1 by Fernand Migault (rue de la Roquette in Paris ).
Faced with the success of the “Industrial Toy Company” and the need to expand, Fernand Migault, good salesman and manager, joins his cousin Marcel Gourdet, excellent technician 2 , who ran a boiler workshop, road ‘Ousson in Briare , and thus founded the Migault SA establishments in 1927 . Continue Reading “Industrial toy company”
The electric road circuit is in a way the application of the principle of electric train to miniature cars.
The English term, universally used by the amateurs, is slot racing (slot corresponding to groove in English), the purists consider that the slot racing has for origin the tracks in wood, and the circuits road the tracks in plastics.[personal interpretation] Continue Reading “Electric road circuit”
The Circuit 24 is a circuit for miniature cars created in 1961 by Étienne Jouët and his Factory à idées.
The success was phenomenal and the name became a generic for an electric road circuit from 1963.
Circuit 24 was broadcast in France and Great Britain by Meccano . Production was stopped in 1973 1 . Continue Reading “Circuit 24”
The radio-controlled trucks (rc trucks) are small models, reproduction of real trucks, remotely controlled via a radio remote control.
Initially truck modeling is to reproduce as accurately as possible truck models (carriers or seedlings) but many truck modelers are also interested in construction equipment such as excavators or bulldozers . Continue Reading “Radio Controlled Truck”
The radio-controlled trucks (rc trucks) are small models, reproduction of real trucks, remotely controlled via a radio remote control.
Initially truck modeling is to reproduce as accurately as possible truck models (carriers or seedlings) but many truck modelers are also interested in construction equipment such as excavators or bulldozers . Continue Reading “Radio Controlled Truck”
The dry brushing ( drybrush in English) is a technique painting on reliefs media, used in particular for miniature, realistic painting of models and modeling .
It consists of using a small quantity of almost dry paint and brushing the part to paint with a brush with more or less hard bristles. The paint is deposited at the top of the reliefs and then reveals the details with more clarity. By using a clear paint, we can achieve a semblance of lighting reliefs, and bring out the details and edges of the model. Continue Reading “Dry brushing and wash”
The term botellism is a neologism that refers to the construction of decorative objects in bottles or flasks of all shapes.
A botellist is one who expresses his artistic talent in the creation and production of “paintings” in bottles. Continue Reading “Botellisme”
A bottle vessel is a miniature representation of vessel enclosed in a bottle of glass , serving as an object of decoration . They are often seen at antique dealers and antique dealers .
Very common during the xx th century , these representations were often the testimony of a sailor who wanted to show her around the ship on which he sailed. The lighthouse keepers also used to make bottled boats, or used bulbs from the lighthouse. Continue Reading “Bottled boat”
Airplanes Armored Models Magazine was a French magazine of the 1990s devoted to plastic models.
Airplanes, Armored, Mock- ups Magazine was a quarterly magazine devoted to mock-ups whose favorite subjects revolved around planes and armored vehicles , not forgetting other vehicles such as motor vehicles as suggested by its subtitle of “Magazine”. visual for any model maker. It came in the form of an A4 glossy magazine . The N o 1 was released in March 1990, the final copy n o 33 is dated March 1998. There are at least 5 special issues, the first dating back to February 1992 was devoted to Daguet Operation (photos and text by Eric Micheletti). Continue Reading “Aircraft Armored Models”