The automobile model (or automodélisme) is the business model that focuses on the breeding of model cars .
The activity of the amateurs separates rather clearly in categories close but disjoined:
- The static models
Cars of variable size, often called miniature cars where the quality of reproduction goes from the toy style to real models whose visual rendering is most realistic, which may include moving or articulated parts such as the doors or the trunk. These models can be put in situation by being incorporated in dioramas .
Punctually, there are similarities between model car makers and military model enthusiasts who sometimes make an intense use of automobile models for static exposures situations.
- The dynamic models
Cars are equipped with electric or thermal motors. This same engine transmits a mechanical force of rotation to the front wheels (traction), the rear wheels (propulsion) or the two running gear (4×4) through belts, gimbals or gears. The mechanical and dynamic qualities of these reduced models are sought here according to their uses. The interest of circuit performance or dynamic realism motivates practitioners. All models allow to animate races (national or international championships, friendly) or demonstrations.
Today most often radio-controlled , there are also guided vehicles on an electric road circuit (see slot racing) and circular models .
A large number of scales of reproduction are used by the marks, with however a sort of normalization of fact according to the uses:
- Report 1/4 – Rare scale that is used less and less on track for heavier and less efficient than the 1/5 th
- Report 1/5 – Scale quite common for radio modeling on the track, equipped for the most part with 23 cm 3 two-stroke engine , with an average weight of about 6 kg , up to 80 km / h. Scale of “pro”, widely used by car manufacturers (the “real”) to make models of style for example
- Report 1/6 – Scale quite common for the off-road, car equipped with engine between 26 cm 3 and 29 cm 3 two-stroke
- Report 1/7 – Rare, used mostly in static
- 1/8 Report – Used extensively in track and off-road radio controlled, model up to 120 km / h for track competition models. Motorization almost exclusively thermal, displacement of 3,5 cm 3 to 4,6 cm 3 , two times, working with the mixture methanol / nitromethane
- Report 1/9 – Rare, a model commercialized for rally game
- Report 1/10 – A formula very common in recreation, models up to 120 km / h for models of competitions on track. Thermal motorization of displacements ranging from 2.11 cm 3 to 2.62 cm 3 (federal category), or electric (Lipo battery and brushless motor)
- Report 1/12 – Category especially in electric track, two-wheel drive propulsion, which is reborn
- Report 1/14 and 1/16 – Includes excavators, bulldozers and radio controlled trucks . For some time now, some brands, like the Japanese Kyosho, have been offering models of radio controlled cars on this scale, and are trying to promote the competitions reserved for this category.
- Report 1/18 – Used extensively for static molded metal models (eg by Solido ), this scale has become fashionable in recent years in radio control
- Report 1/24 – Used especially for reproductions in plastic model. But also for MiniZ , Iwaver , the Xmod RC and the circuit 24 or Scalextric
- 1/25 Report – Used especially for reproductions in plastic model of American vehicle (Corvette C6-R from Revell for example)
- 1/30 or 1/32 ratio – Used on electric road circuits
- Report 1/43 – Standard Scale model cars static Dinky Toys , Norev , but also radio controlled (dNaNo) and slot car .
- 1/50 ratio – Used for derivatives of 1/43 vehicles such as trucks, vans …
- Report 1/64 – Popularized by Majorette .
- Report 1/72 – Rather reserved for plastic models to assemble, usually military.
- Report 1/87 – Corresponding to the HO rail scale to complete the model railway networks . This ladder is also used by a range of recent electric road vehicles .
Types of models
Static [ change | change the code ]
Virtually all types of vehicles are represented.
Radio Controlled R / C
- The track cars (dragster) on tarmac circuit outdoors or on carpet indoor, fast and with an excellent road holding especially in the rooms (foam tires or rubbers);
- Drift cars have a 4×4 or RWD (propulsion) track chassis, rigid differentials and ABS plastic tires. their handling is almost nil, the goal being to make controlled drifts fluids with a lot of angle to score points. is practiced on asphalt, polished concrete or gymnasium covering.
- Off -road cars and especially buggies , used in competition on dirt track with small shock absorbers and various tires, organized by the European Federation of car radio-modelingThere are 3 different scales in off-road : 1/10 1/8 1/5. There are also two types of possible motricity the 4×4 (4 wheel drive) and the 4×2 (2 wheel drive, propulsion or traction). ;
- The Monster Trucks , which are used a lot in trials because they benefit from a very important ground clearance and wheels of very large diameter, being replaced by the Scale or Crawler which have in addition weighted wheels and crossings bridges up to 90 ° between the front and rear axles.
- The Truggy composed of a chassis and a body Buggy Truck;
- The Mini-Z 1/28 scale cars have rigid chassis and foam tires, they are very fast and require good reflexes to the drivers. they evolve on very flat foam circuits.
- The bikes, quads and snowmobiles , still rare, are beginning to get noticed in the world of toys. Motorcycles are also spreading more and more in competition;
- The radio controlled trucks relatively little used in France, but quite widespread in Germany in 1/14 scale e ;
Electric road circuit (see slot racing)
- The principle is to evolve a model car on a circular track: the model is attached by a wire rope to a central pole that raises the speed reached by the vehicle. Participants try to reach the highest speed (more than 300 km / h for certain categories); the displacements are surprisingly small and the settings extremely precise and meticulous.
- Auto Model Making
- ( In ) ( ja ) Tamiya Model Magazine International
- Minauto mag ‘
- Passion 43 e
- Auto rcc?
- RC Racing Car (missing)
- RC Power Modeling (merged with RC Racing Car in 2009) (missing)
- Auto8 (missing)
- Buggy Magazine (missing)
- Auto RCM (gone)
Various sites and forum dedicated to model car all terrain and track
It is mainly a forum on cars tracks or TT (all-terrain) at the scale 1/8 1/10 and 1/12 that it is electric or thermal. But there are also topics on other types of cars whether on drift or any other category. These sites allow both beginners and experienced drivers to ask questions or follow the news of model car (mainly off-road and track).
Here are some French sites:
RCMag [ archive ]
Automodelism [ archive ]
SmallRC [ archive ]
Here are the main ones in English on the news of model car:
Neobuggy [ archive ]
RedRC [ archive ]
Main brands of car model manufacturers
This article contains one or more lists . (March 2008) .The text would benefit from being written in the form of synthetic paragraphs, more enjoyable to read.
Brands having ceased their activity
These companies have remained famous and have scored two or three generations of amateurs and children for their production of static models or can be rolled by hand.