The naturalistic illustration is a discipline at once artistic and scientific , which gathers traditionally and for several centuries
- the botanical illustration , which once included subjects mycological ;
- the anatomical illustration .
The first concerns the zoology , the botany and the human body , but in the xix th century authors like Eugène Freiherr von Ransonnet-Villez is also interested in the underwater world, and from the xviii th century, biologists publish an increasing number drawings made using the microscope .
For several centuries the mediums were the naturalistic drawing (often watercolored or gouache ), the painting, the engraving, then the lithography and the photography before the appearance of the video, possibly stereoscopic and digital files and models (which can sometimes allow the 3D printing).
Three-dimensional models mainly dedicated to research and teaching have also been produced (eg anatomical waxes , Brendel models, blown glass models representing translucent marine organisms (by Germans Leopold and Rudolf Blashka 1 ), etc.
The paper / printing medium tends to be replaced by the digital image , increasingly disseminated and accessed via the Internet .
Notes and references
- ↑ Illustrating Science, illustrate the science [ archive ]
On other Wikimedia projects:
- Naturalistic illustration , on Wikimedia Commons
- Natural Sciences
- Botanical illustration
- Anatomical illustration
- Anatomical waxes
- Brendel Models