JEP (registered trademark) is a contraction of Jouet de Paris . It was created in 1920 to designate the toys produced by the Société Industriel de Ferblanterie (SIF) in activity since 1909. A brand Jouet de Paris existed however before the 1920s, and worked to manufacture helmets Adrian during the First World War [ ref. desired] .
The most famous activities of this brand (which has however also manufactured dolls) were cars and model trains .
Printed car models were at their peak in the years 1928-1930. These were approximately 1 / 18th scale models, relatively faithful to steering, moving doors.
On the rail side, it was JEP who launched in 1925 a range of OO trains called the “Train mignon” and precursor of HO trains . But his productions were essentially in scale O until 1963, in HO from 1949 to 1965.
At the beginning of the 1930s, the scale range O , both mechanical and electrical ( 20 volts , 3 rails), is almost comparable in quality to the German models of the time. It is noted for the high-end: a train Arrow Golden and also a triple self-propelled bellows which originates from the TAR (rapid self-propelled train) circulating on the North network which are of an unusual realism for the time. JEP also manufactured multiple electrified accessories: stations, signals and an electromagnetic level crossing whose exposure remained a long time de rigeur in the Christmas windows of department stores during the 1960s .
Around 1950, O production is of high quality for engines but prices increase accordingly. The 60 series , in particular, includes the electric cars BB 8100 , CC 7001 prototype of the CC 7100 and the vapors 131T (shortened version of the 141TC) but especially the 141P weighing nearly 2.5 kg and measuring 52 cm . All these machines are made of zamak . But, the rolling stock: cars and wagons, does not undergo deep improvements, just like, moreover, the series “toy” which is maintained with very shortened vehicles.
An attempt is made to launch a toy train on the S scale : the “Advertising” series with 25 mm spacing . It’s a failure without tomorrow.
After the 1925 ” Train Mignon” , it was not until 1949 that an electric range, made of zamak , at the HO scale was launched with, from 1952, the beginning of the use of the plastic material. : the track is 3 steel rails on plastic sleepers. In addition, the supply until then in 20 volts AC passes to 20 volts DC as for the O range. The system 3 rails, because of its symmetry, makes it possible to realize without difficulty circuits reconfiguring by referrals between form of 8 and 0, which will never be possible easily with systems with 2 rails.
The range will essentially include the 2D2 9100 , the 232R (with a new tender that never existed), the 060DB, the 030DA with connecting rods and a small 030TX maneuvering steam. The cars are first the sausages state reduced to 230 mm and they will be completed later by Pullman CIWL, manufactured by Rateau, a craftsman, in subcontracting. Accessories are also provided. These quality products were nonetheless not competitive with HOrnby-acHO and Jouef trains , lighter, but booming at the time and especially much cheaper.
The production of model trains ceased in 1965 .
Previously, in the mid-1950s, JEP had produced some very nice models of miniature cars on a scale close to 1 / 43rd, plastic and zamac. This attempt unfortunately happened on a market dominated by other brands, especially Dinky Toys.
The JEP boats
The brand will also manufacture a range of motorboats with an identical appearance, propelled by a spring motor. These toys will be very successful because sold at moderate prices with increasing length models that were always presented in the showcase of toy dealers on a stand to highlight the brand.
- Together manufacturing JEP: The Paris From Toy of Clive Lamming .
- France in Miniature 1900-1980 by Paolo Rampini, 2004